- Executive Summary
- Cooperatives in U.S. Economy
- Economic Impacts
- Commercial Sales & Marketing
- Social & Public Services
- Financial Services
- Discussion Papers
- Future Research
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University of Wisconsin Center for Cooperatives
Research on the Economic Impact of Cooperatives
Commercial Sales and Marketing cooperatives are composed of firms that provide marketing, processing, and supply services to farmers (including many recently formed biofuels refining companies), consumer cooperatives that buy wholesale on behalf of consumers, arts and crafts cooperatives that supply and sell the work of artist members, and other purchasing and worker cooperatives that operate across a wide variety of economic subsectors. As Table 4-2 shows there are 3,463 commercial sales and marketing cooperatives in the U.S.: 2,858 of these provided us with data. These "reporting" cooperatives have 6 million members that account for almost $61B in assets, $176B in revenue, >250,000 jobs and nearly $7.5B in wages. Farmer cooperatives account for by far the largest share of this sector across all measures of firm size. Figure 4-2.1 displays the geographic distribution of firms within this aggregate sector.
We report only on firms for which we have collected economic data; some firms did not respond to our information requests. As a result, these numbers represent the lower bounds of the full economic footprint of cooperatives in this aggregate sector. As described in Section 4, we extrapolated to the full population to perform our impact analysis. Therefore, the sum of direct impacts in the following subsections will be larger than the corresponding aggregate variables reported here.
|Farmer Supply and Marketing||2,535||2,547||4,479||44,394||119,074||6,014||147.80||2,484|
|Arts and Crafts||80||305||305||34||32||5||0.83||16|
|Other (Retail and Service Cooperatives)||125||282||423||13,338||51,391||1,288||102||3,075|